Nagaland is located in the off-shot mountain range of the Himalayan which is the youngest fold mountain system in the world. Nagaland has a complex geology and as such a rugged topography.
Annual rainfall averages around 1,800–2,500 mm, concentrated in the months of May to September. The optimum annual range of temperature and rainfall has contributed to the presence of rich flora and fauna. The state is rich in flora and fauna and about 60% of the state is covered with wooded forest. The evergreen tropical and the sub tropical forests are found in strategic pockets in the state.
It is located in a rich agro-climatic zone, conducive for a wide variety of agricultural crops and practices.
And in tune with the mandate and vision of the Council, Geoscience division is carrying out various research and application projects in the state using the latest approaches and techniques in the field of science and technology for sustainable utilization of our natural resources and preservation of the rich biodiversity of the state.
The division is engaged in the following area of earth sciences:
1. Landuse landcover Monitoring
2. Wasteland Monitoring
5. Environmental & Biodiversity Studies
6. Climate Change Study
7. Landslide Studies